Ten deadliest natural disasters

Ten deadliest natural disasters

Rank↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓ Death Toll (Estimate)↓
1. 1931 China floods China 01931-01-01July, November, 1931 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”1,000,000–2,500,000*[1]
2. 1887 Yellow River flood China 01887-01-01September, October, 1887 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”900,000–2,000,000[2]
3. 1556 Shaanxi earthquake Shaanxi Province, China 01556-01-01January 23, 1556 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”830,000[3]
4. 1970 Bhola cyclone East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) 01970-01-01November 13, 1970 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”500,000[1]
5. 1839 India Cyclone India 01839-01-01November 25, 1839 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”300,000[citation needed]
6. 526 Antioch earthquake Antioch, Turkey 01526-05 May 1526 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”250,000-300,000
7. 1976 Tangshan earthquake Tangshan, Hebei, China 01976-07-28July 28, 1976 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”242,419[1]
8. 1920 Haiyuan earthquake Haiyuan, NingxiaGansu, China 01920-12-16December 16, 1920 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”234,117[1]
9. 2004 Indonesian Tsunami Sumatra, Indonesia 02004-12-26December 26, 2004 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”230,210
10. 2010 Haiti earthquake Port-au-Prince, Haiti 02010-01-12January 12, 2010 &Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”.Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character “,”222,000[4]

* Estimate by Nova’s sources are close to 4 million and yet Encarta’s sources report as few as 1 million. Expert estimates report wide variance.

An alternative listing is given by Hough in his 2008 book Global Security.[5]

|- ! width=10% | Rank ! width=25% | Event* ! width=25% | Location ! width=20% | Date ! width=20% | Death Toll (Estimate) |- | 1. | 1931 China floods | China | 01931-11-00November, 1931 | 1,000,000- 2,500,000 |- | 2. | 1970 Bhola cyclone | East Pakistan, Pakistan (now Bangladesh) | 01970-01-01November, 1970 | 500,000 |- | 3. | 1976 Tangshan earthquake | China | 01976-07-28July, 1976 | 300,000 |- | 4. | 1920 Haiyuan earthquake | China | 01920-12-16December 1920 | 234,000 |- | 5. | 2004 Indonesian Tsunami | Indonesia | 02004-12-26December 2004 | 230,000+ |- | 6. | 2010 Haiti earthquake | Haiti | 02010-01-12January 2010 | 230,000 |- | 7. | 1923 Great Kanto earthquake | Japan | 01923-09-00September 1923 | 142,000 |- | 8. | 1991 Bangladesh cyclone | Bangladesh | 01991-00-001991 | 138,000 |- | 9. | 1948 Ashgabat earthquake | Turkmen SSR, (now Turkmenistan) | 01948-10-00October 1948 | 110,000 |- | 10. | 2005 Kashmir earthquake | Pakistan (disputed region) | 02005-10-00October 2005 | 79,000 |}

* Does not include industrial or technological accidents.

Lists of natural disasters

Blizzards

Rank↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓ Death Toll (Estimate)↓
1. Iran Blizzard Iran 01972 1972 &0000000000004000.0000004,000
2. 2008 Afghanistan blizzard Afghanistan 02008 2008 &0000000000000926.000000926
3. Great Blizzard of 1888 United States 01888 1888 &0000000000000400.000000400
4. 1993 North American Storm Complex United States 01993 1993 &0000000000000318.000000318
5. Schoolhouse Blizzard United States 01888 1888 &0000000000000235.000000235
6. Hakko-da Mountains incident Japan 01902 1902 &0000000000000199.000000199
7. Armistice Day Blizzard United States 01940 1940 &0000000000000144.000000144
8. 2008 Chinese winter storms China 02008 2008 &0000000000000133.000000133
9. 1995 Kazakh Blizzard Kazakhstan 01995 1995 &0000000000000112.000000112
10. Blizzard of 1978 United States 01978 1978 &0000000000000054.00000054

Contractible diseases

Pandemics killing at least &0000000001000000.0000001,000,000 people:

Rank↓ Event↓ Location↓ Death Toll (Estimate)↓ Date↓
1. Black Death Asia, Europe, Africa &0000000100000000.000000100,000,000 approx. 01300-01-011300s–1720s
2. Spanish Flu Worldwide &0000000050000000.00000050,000,000-100,000,000 00540-01-011918–1920
3. Plague of Justinian Asia, Europe, Africa &0000000040000000.00000040,000,000-100,000,000 00540-01-01540–590
4. Third Pandemic of Bubonic Plague Worldwide &0000000012000000.00000012,000,000 ? 01850-01-011850s–1950s
5. Antonine Plague Roman Empire &0000000005000000.0000005,000,000 00165-01-01165–180
6. Asian Flu Worldwide &0000000004000000.0000004,000,000 01957-01-011956-1958

Other deadly communicable diseases. Death counts are historical totals unless indicated otherwise.

Rank↓ Disease↓ Death Toll (Estimate)↓ Notes↓
1. Smallpox &0000000300000000.000000300,000,000 approx. 01901-01-011900 to eradication.[6] Declared eradicated May 8, 1980.[7]
2. Measles &0000000200000000.000000200,000,000 ? 01851-01-01last 150 years[8]
3. Malaria &0000000080000000.00000080,000,000-&0000000250000000.000000250,000,000 01900-01-0120th century – present[update]
4. Tuberculosis &0000000040000000.00000040,000,000–&0000000100000000.000000100,000,000 01900-01-0120th century – present[update][8]
5. AIDS pandemic &0000000025250000.00000025,250,000 01981-01-011981–present (As of 2010[update]).
6. Seasonal influenza at least &0000000000250000.000000250,000 annually 01981-01-01As of April 2009[update][9]

Cyclones

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 500,000 1970 Bhola cyclone East Pakistan, Pakistan (now Bangladesh) November 13, 1970
2. 300,000 1839 Indian cyclone India November 25, 1839
3. 300,000[10] 1737 Calcutta cyclone India October 7, 1737
4. 210,000 Super Typhoon Nina—contributed to Banqiao Dam failure China August 7, 1975
5. 200,000[11] Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 present day Bangladesh October 30, 1876
6. ~146,000 Cyclone Nargis Myanmar May 2, 2008
7. 138,866 1991 Bangladesh cyclone Bangladesh April 29, 1991
8. 100,000 1882 Bombay cyclone Bombay, India 1882
9. 60,000 1922 Swatow Typhoon China August 1, 1922
9. 60,000 1864 Calcutta Cyclone India October 5, 1864

Earthquakes

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. &0000000000830000.000000830,000 1556 Shaanxi earthquake China 01556-01-23 January 23, 1556
2. &888888888811099-2.1000000242,419-779,000 1976 Tangshan earthquake China 01976-07-28 July 28, 1976
3. &0000000000250000.000000250,000 526 Antioch earthquake Antioch, Byzantine Empire (now Turkey) 00526-05 May 526
4. &0000000000235502.000000235,502 1920 Haiyuan earthquake China 01920-12-16 December 16, 1920
5. &Expression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operatorExpression error: Unexpected / operator0.000000230,000+ 2004 Indonesian earthquake Indonesia 02004-12-26 December 26, 2004
6. &0000000000230000.000000230,000 2010 Haiti earthquake Haiti 02010-01-12 January 12, 2010
7. &0000000000230000.000000230,000 1138 Aleppo earthquake Syria
8. &0000000000200000.000000200,000 856 Damghan earthquake Iran 00856-12-22 December 22, 856
9. &0000000000150000.000000150,000 893 Ardabil earthquake Iran 00893-03-23 March 23, 893
10. &0000000000142000.000000142,000 1923 Great Kanto earthquake Japan 01923-09-01 September 1, 1923
11. &0000000000137000.000000137,000 1730 Hokkaido earthquake Japan 01730 1730
12. &0000000000110000.000000110,000 1948 Ashgabat earthquake Turkmen SSR, Soviet Union (now Turkmenistan) 01948-10-05 October 5, 1948
13. &0000000000100000.000000100,000 1290 Chihli earthquake China 01290 1290
14. &0000000000100000.000000100,000 1755 Lisbon earthquake Portugal 01755-11-01 November 1, 1755
15. &0000000000100000.000000100,000 1908 Messina earthquake Italy 01908-12-28 December 28, 1908
16. &0000000000100000.000000100,000 1667 Shamakhi earthquake Azerbaijan 01667 1667
17. &0000000000079000.00000079,000 2005 Kashmir earthquake Pakistan (disputed region) 02005-10-08 October 8, 2005
18. &0000000000077000.00000077,000 1727 Tabriz earthquake Iran 01727 1727
19. &0000000000075000.00000075,000 1970 Ancash earthquake Peru 01970-05-31 May 31, 1970
20. &0000000000070000.00000070,000 1932 Changma earthquake Gansu, China 01932 1932
21. &Expression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operatorExpression error: Unexpected ( operator.Expression error: Unexpected ( operator68,712 (18,392 missing) 2008 Sichuan earthquake China 02008-05-12 May 12, 2008
22. &0000000000060000.00000060,000 1268 Cilicia earthquake Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia (now Turkey) 01268 1268
23. &0000000000060000.00000060,000 1693 Sicily earthquake Italy 01693-01-11 January 11, 1693
24. &0000000000060000.00000060,000 1935 Balochistan earthquake Pakistan 01935-05-31 May 31, 1935
25. &0000000000050000.00000050,000 1783 Calabrian earthquakes Italy 01783 1783
26. &0000000000050000.00000050,000 1990 Manjil-Rudbar earthquake Iran 01990-06-21 June 21, 1990
27. &0000000000045000.00000045,000 1999 İzmit earthquake Turkey 01999-08-17 August 17, 1999
28. &0000000000040000.00000040,000 1498 Nankaido earthquake Japan 01498-09-20 September 20, 1498
29. &0000000000040000.00000040,000 1797 Quito earthquake Ecuador 01797 1797
30. &0000000000040000.00000040,000 1927 Gulang earthquake Gansu, China 01927 1927
31. &0000000000032962.00000032,962 1939 Erzincan earthquake Turkey 01939-12-26 December 26, 1939
32. &0000000000030000.00000030,000 1202 Syria earthquake Syria 01202-05-20May 20, 1202
33. &0000000000030000.00000030,000 1939 Chillán earthquake Chile 01939-01-24 January 24, 1939
34. &0000000000028000.00000028,000 1949 Khait earthquake Tajikistan 01949-07-10 July 10, 1949
35. &0000000000026271.00000026,271 2003 Bam earthquake Iran 02003-12-26 December 26, 2003
36. &0000000000025000.00000025,000 1988 Spitak earthquake Armenia 01988-12-07 December 7, 1988
37. &0000000000023700.00000023,700 1293 Kamakura earthquake Japan 01293 1293
38. &0000000000023000.00000023,000 1976 Guatemala earthquake Guatemala 01976-02-04 February 4, 1976
39. &0000000000022066.00000022,066 1896 Meiji-Sanriku earthquake Japan 01896-06-15 June 15, 1896
40. &0000000000020000.00000020,000 1812 Caracas earthquake Venezuela 01812-03-26 March 26, 1812
41. &0000000000020000.00000020,000 1905 Kangra earthquake British India 01905-04-04 April 4, 1905
42. &0000000000019727.00000019,727 2001 Gujarat earthquake India 02001-01-26 January 26, 2001
43. &0000000000015621.00000015,621 1970 Tonghai earthquake China 01970-01-04 January 4, 1970
44. &0000000000015000.00000015,000 1960 Agadir earthquake Morocco 01960-02-26 February 26, 1960
45. &0000000000015000.00000015,000 1978 Tabas earthquake Iran 01978-09-16 September 16, 1978
46. &0000000000012225.00000012,225 1962 Bou’in-Zahra earthquake Iran 01962-09-01 September 1, 1962
47. &999999999998500-1.100000012,000-15,000 1907 Qaratog earthquake Tajikistan 01907-10-21 October 21, 1907
48. &0000000000012000.00000012,000 1968 Dasht-e Bayaz and Ferdows earthquake Iran 01968-08-31 August 31, 1968
49. &0000000000010500.00000010,500 1934 Bihar earthquake British India 01934-01-15 January 15, 1934
50. &0000000000010153.00000010,153 1985 Mexico City earthquake Mexico 01985-09-19 September 19, 1985
51. &0000000000010000.00000010,000 1509 Istanbul earthquake Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (now Turkey) 01509-09-10 September 10, 1509
52. &0000000000010000.00000010,000 1703 Apennine earthquakes Italy 01703 1703
53. &0000000000010000.00000010,000 1703 Genroku earthquake Japan 01703-12-31 December 31, 1703
54. &0000000000010000.00000010,000 1854 Ansei-Nankai earthquake Japan 01854-12-24 December 24, 1854
55. &0000000000010000.00000010,000[12] 1944 San Juan earthquake Argentina 01944-01-15 January 15, 1944
56. &0000000000009000.0000009,000 1933 Diexi earthquake China 01933-08-25 August 25, 1933
57. &0000000000008064.0000008,064 1966 Xingtai earthquake China 01966-03-08 March 8, 1966
58. &0000000000007928.0000007,928 1993 Latur earthquake India 01993-09-30 September 30, 1993
59. &0000000000007273.0000007,273 1891 Mino-Owari earthquake Japan 01891-10-28 October 28, 1891
60. &0000000000006433.0000006,433 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake Japan 01995-01-17 January 17, 1995
61. &0000000000006000.0000006,000[12] 1861 Mendoza earthquake Argentina 01861-03-20 March 20, 1861
62. &0000000000006000.0000006,000 1960 Valdivia earthquake Chile 01960-05-22 May 22, 1960
63. &0000000000005300.0000005,300 1974 Hunza earthquake Pakistan 01974-12-28 December 28, 1974
64. &0000000000005000.0000005,000 1707 Hōei earthquake Japan 01707-10-28 October 28, 1707
65. &0000000000005000.0000005,000 1972 Nicaragua earthquake Nicaragua 01972-12-23 December 23, 1972
66. &0000000000004000.0000004,000 1945 Balochistan earthquake British India 01945-11-28 November 28, 1945
67. &0000000000003800.0000003,800 1929 Koppeh Dagh earthquake Iran 01929-01-05 January 5, 1929
68. &0000000000003769.0000003,769 1948 Fukui earthquake Japan 01948-06-28 June 28, 1948
69. &0000000000003000.0000003,000 1906 San Francisco earthquake United States 01906-04-18 April 18, 1906
70. &0000000000003000.0000003,000 1933 Sanriku earthquake Japan 01933-03-02March 2, 1933

Famines

Please Note: Some of these famines may be partially or completely caused by humans.
Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 15,000,000–43,000,000 Great Chinese Famine China 1958–1961
2. 24,000,000 Chinese Famine of 1907 China 1907
3. 19,000,000 Indian Famine British India 1896–1902
4. 15,000,000 Bengal famine of 1770, incl. Bihar & Orissa India 1769–1771
5. 13,000,000 Northern Chinese Famine China 1876–1879
6. 10,000,000 Indian Great Famine of 1876–78 India 1876–1879
7. 7,500,000 Great European Famine Europe (all) 1315–1317
8. 5,000,000 Chinese Famine of 1936 China 1936
8. 5,000,000 Soviet famine of 1932–1933 (Holodomor) Soviet Union 1932–1934
8. 5,000,000 Russian famine of 1921 Russia, Ukraine 1921–1922
11. 3,000,000 Chinese Drought 1941 China 1941
11. 3,000,000 Chinese Famine of 1928–1930 China 1928–1930
13. 2,000,000 Russian famine of 1601–1603 Russia (Muscovy) 1601–1603
13. 2,000,000 Vietnamese War Famine Vietnam 1943–1945
15. 1,500,000–4,000,000 Bengal Famine of 1943 India 1943
16. 1,200,000 North Korean famine North Korea 1996–1998
17. 1,000,000-1,500,000 Great Irish Famine Ireland 1846–1849
18. 1,000,000 1984–1985 famine in Ethiopia Ethiopia 1984
18. 1,000,000 Horn of Africa famine Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia 1888
20. 26,000-1,000,000 Bangladesh famine of 1974—Official records claim 26,000. However, various sources claim about 1,000,000. Bangladesh 1974
21. 150,000 Finnish famine of 1866–1868 Finland 1866–1868
22. 18,000 Dutch famine of 1944 The Netherlands 1944

Floods and landslides

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 2,500,000–3,700,000[13] 1931 China floods China 1931
2. 900,000–2,000,000 1887 Yellow River (Huang He) flood China 1887
3. 500,000–700,000 1938 Yellow River (Huang He) flood China 1938
4. 231,000 Banqiao Dam failure, result of Typhoon Nina. Approximately 86,000 people died from flooding and another 145,000 died during subsequent disease. China 1975
5. 145,000 1935 Yangtze river flood China 1935
6. more than 100,000 St. Felix’s Flood, storm surge Netherlands 1530
7. 100,000 Hanoi and Red River Delta flood North Vietnam 1971
7. 100,000 1911 Yangtze river flood China 1911
9. 50,000–80,000 St. Lucia’s flood, storm surge Netherlands 1287
10. 2.400 North Sea flood, storm surge Netherlands 31 December 1953
11. 1,126 2006 Southern Leyte mudslide Philippines 17 February, 2006

Limnic eruptions

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 1,746 Lake Nyos Cameroon 1986
2. 37 Lake Monoun Cameroon 1984

Storms (non-cyclone)

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 15,100 Torrential rains and mudslides Venezuela 1999
2. 500 Lofoten, Heavy storm Norway 1849
3. 250 Great Lakes Storm of 1913 United States and Canada (Great Lakes region) 1913
4. 242 1996 Amarnath Yatra tragedy India 1996
5. 210 Trøndelag, storm (“Follastormen”) Norway 1625
6. 189 Eyemouth, Scotland, storm (“Black Friday“) United Kingdom 1881
7. 140 Trøndelag, storm (“Titran disaster”) Norway 1899
8. 96 Lofoten, storm Norway 1868
9. 46 Columbus Day Storm United States 1962
10. 30 Haugesund, storm (“Røvær disaster”) Norway 1899

Tornadoes

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 1,300 The Saturia-Manikganj Sadar Tornado Manikganj, Bangladesh April 26, 1989
2. 923 1969 East Pakistan Tornado East Pakistan, Pakistan (now Bangladesh) 1969
3. 695 The Tri-State Tornado United States (MissouriIllinoisIndiana) March 18, 1925
4. 681 1973 Dhaka Tornado Bangladesh 1973
5. 600 The Malta Tornado Malta 1551
6. 500 The Sicily Tornado Sicily, Two Sicilies (now Italy) 1851
6. 500 The Narail-Magura Tornadoes Jessore, East Pakistan, Pakistan (now Bangladesh) 1964
6. 500 The Comoro Tornado Comoro 1951
9. 440 The Tangail Tornado Bangladesh 1988 B.C
10. 400 Ivanovo, Yaroslavl Tornado Soviet Union (now Russia) 1984

Tsunami

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 229,866 2004 Indonesian Tsunami Indonesia 2004
2. 100,000 1755 Lisbon earthquake/tsunami/fire Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Ireland, and the United Kingdom (Cornwall) 1755
3. 100,000 1908 Messina earthquake/tsunami Messina, Italy 1908
4. 36,000 Caused by 1883 eruption of Krakatoa Indonesia 1883
5. 30,000 Tōkaidō/Nankaido, Japan 1707
6. 27,000 Japan 1826
7. 25,674 1868 Arica earthquake/tsunami Arica, Chile 1868
8. 22,070 1896 Meiji-Sanriku earthquake Sanriku, Japan 1896
9. 15,030 1792 Mount Unzen eruption in southwest Kyūshū Kyūshū, Japan 1792

Volcanic eruptions

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 92,000 Mount Tambora (see also Year Without a Summer) Indonesia 01815-01-01April 10, 1815
2. 36,000 Krakatoa Indonesia 01883-08-26August 26–27, 1883
3. 29,000 Mount Pelée Martinique 01902-05-07May 7 or May 8, 1902
4. 33,000 Mount Vesuvius Pompeii and Herculaneum, Italy 01631-01-01August 24, 79 AD
5. 23,000 Nevado del Ruiz Colombia 01985-11-13November 13, 1985
6. 15,000 Mount Unzen Japan 01792-01-011792
7. 10,000 Mount Kelut Indonesia 01586-01-011586
8. 9,350 Laki. Killed about 25% of the population (33% were killed about 70 years before by smallpox) Iceland 01783-06-08 June 8, 1783
9. 6,000 Santa Maria Guatemala 01902-01-011902
10. 5,115 Mount Kelut Indonesia 01919-05-19 May 19, 1919

A supervolcanic eruption at Lake Toba around 74,000 years ago could have wiped out as much as 99% of the global human population, reducing the population from a possible 60 million to less than 10 thousand; see Toba catastrophe theory. However, this theory is not widely accepted because the evidence is disputed, and there have been, for instance, no remains found. The eruption is not listed here as it was pre-historic and outside the scope of this article. Also, the Thera eruption in the Aegean Sea between 1550 and 1650 BC may have caused a large number of deaths throughout the region, from Crete to Egypt. See also La Garita Caldera, Yellowstone Caldera, and Supervolcanoes.

Wildfires and bushfires

Rank↓ Death Toll↓ Event↓ Location↓ Date↓
1. 1,200–2,500 Peshtigo Fire, Wisconsin United States October 8, 1871
2. 1,200 Kursha-2 Fire Soviet Union August 3, 1936
3. 453 Cloquet Fire, Minnesota United States October 12, 1918
4. 418 Great Hinckley Fire, Minnesota United States September 1, 1894
5. 282 Thumb Fire, Michigan United States September 5, 1881
6. 273 Matheson Fire, Ontario Canada July 29, 1916
7. 240 Sumatra and Kalimantan Fires Indonesia 1997
8. 230 Landes region France 1949
9. 213 Black Dragon Fire China May 1987
10. 173 Black Saturday bushfires Australia February 7 – March 14, 2009
11. 160 Miramichi Fire, New Brunswick Canada October 7, 1825

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