List of earthquakes in Indonesia/Largest earthquakes by magnitude

List of earthquakes in Indonesia

This is an incomplete list of more recent recorded major earthquakes that have occurred within the boundaries of Indonesia—as indicated by the geology of the region, and the volcanic activity—much large numbers of earthquakes of smaller magnitude occur very regularly due to the meeting of major tectonic plates in the region.

Locations given are either the island/region within Indonesia, or one of the seas within the archipelago.

Note some recent earthquakes are known by their dates rather than specific locations—the Boxing Day 2004 earthquake is also known by the name Sumatra Andaman Island earthquake.

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List of Indonesian earthquakes

Date[1] ↓ Location↓ Magnitude↓ Fatalities↓ Description↓
1797 02 10 Sumatra 8.4 >300
Further information: 1797 Sumatra earthquake
1833 11 25 Sumatra 8.8-9.2 ‘numerous’
Further information: 1833 Sumatra earthquake
1861 02 16 Sumatra 8.5 ‘several thousand’
Further information: 1861 Sumatra earthquake
1917 01 20 Bali 1,500
1938 02 01 Banda Sea 8.5
Further information: 1938 Banda Sea earthquake
1976 06 25 Papua 7.1 5,000
1992 12 12 Flores Region 7.8 2,500
2000 06 04 Southern Sumatra 7.9 103
2002 10 10 Western New Guinea 7.6 8
2002 11 02 Northern Sumatra 7.4 3
2003 05 26 Halmahera 7.0 1
2004 01 28 Seram 6.7
2004 02 05 Western New Guinea 7.0 37
2004 02 07 Western New Guinea 7.3
2004 07 25 Southern Sumatra 7.3
2004 11 11 Kepulauan Alor 7.5 34
2004 11 26 Papua 7.1 32
2004 12 26 Sumatra-Andaman Islands 9.3 283,106
Further information: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
2005 01 01 Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra 6.7
2005 02 19 Sulawesi 6.5
2005 02 26 Simeulue 6.8
2005 03 02 Banda Sea 7.1
Further information: 2005 Banda Sea earthquake
2005 03 28 Northern Sumatra 8.6 1,313
Further information: 2005 Sumatra earthquake
2005 04 10 Kepulauan Mentawai Region 6.7
2005 05 14 Nias Region 6.7
2005 05 19 Nias Region 6.9
2005 07 05 Nias Region 6.7
2005 11 19 Simeulue 6.5
2006 01 27 Banda Sea 7.6
Further information: 2006 Banda Sea earthquake
2006 03 14 Seram 6.7 4
2006 05 16 Nias Region 6.8
2006 05 26 Java 6.3 5,749
Further information: May 2006 Java earthquake
2006 07 17 Java 7.7 730
Further information: July 2006 Java earthquake
2006 07 23 Sulawesi 6.1
Further information: July 2006 Sulawesi earthquake
2006 12 18 North Sumatra 5.8 7
2007 01 21 Molucca Sea 7.5 4
2007 03 06 Sumatra 6.4, 6.3 68
Further information: March 2007 Sumatra earthquakes
2007 08 09 Java 7.5[2] The quake was located 70 miles (110 km) east-northeast of Jakarta, at a depth of 175 miles (282 km).[3]
2007 09 12 Sumatra 8.5, 7.9, 7.1 23
2008 02 20 Simeulue 7.4 3
2008 02 25 Kepulauan Mentawai Region 7.0, 6.4, 6.6
2008 11 16 Sulawesi 7.5, 5.6 4
Further information: 2008 Sulawesi earthquake
2009 01 04 West Papua 7.6 4
Further information: 2009 Papua earthquake
2009 08 16 Siberut, Mentawai Islands 6.7
Further information: August 2009 Sumatra earthquake
2009 09 02 Java 7.0 15
Further information: 2009 Java earthquake
2009 09 30 Sumatra 7.6 1,117
Further information: 2009 Padang earthquake
2010 05 19 Sumatra 7.2 Unreported

Largest earthquakes by magnitude

Pos.↓ Date↓ Location↓ Article↓ Magnitude↓
1 01960-05-22May 22, 1960 Valdivia, Chile 1960 Valdivia earthquake 9.5
2 01964-03-27March 27, 1964 Prince William Sound, USA 1964 Alaska earthquake 9.2
3 02004-12-26December 26, 2004 Sumatra, Indonesia 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake 9.1
4 01952-11-04November 4, 1952 Kamchatka, Russia (then USSR) Kamchatka earthquakes 9.0 [1]
4 01868-08-13August 13, 1868 Arica, Chile (then Peru) 1868 Arica earthquake 9.0 [2]
4 01700-01-26January 26, 1700 Cascadia subduction zone, Canada and USA 1700 Cascadia earthquake 9.0
7 02010-02-27February 27, 2010 Maule, Chile 2010 Chile earthquake 8.8
7 01906-01-31January 31, 1906 EcuadorColombia 1906 Ecuador-Colombia earthquake 8.8
7 01833-11-25November 25, 1833 Sumatra, Indonesia 1833 Sumatra earthquake 8.8
10 01965-02-04February 4, 1965 Rat Islands, Alaska, USA 1965 Rat Islands earthquake 8.7
10 01755-11-01November 1, 1755 Lisbon, Portugal 1755 Lisbon earthquake 8.7 [3]
10 01730-07-08July 8, 1730 Valparaiso, Chile 1730 Valparaiso earthquake 8.7 [4]
13 02005-03-28March 28, 2005 Sumatra, Indonesia 2005 Sumatra earthquake 8.6
13 01957-03-09March 9, 1957 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, USA 1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake 8.6
13 01950-08-15August 15, 1950 Assam, IndiaTibet, China 1950 Medog earthquake 8.6
16 02007-09-12September 12, 2007 Sumatra, Indonesia September 2007 Sumatra earthquakes 8.5
16 01963-10-13October 13, 1963 Kuril Islands, Russia (USSR) 1963 Kuril Islands earthquake 8.5 [5]
16 01938-02-01February 1, 1938 Banda Sea, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) 1938 Banda Sea earthquake 8.5
16 01923-02-03February 3, 1923 Kamchatka, Russia (USSR) Kamchatka earthquakes 8.5 [5]
16 01922-11-11November 11, 1922 Atacama Region, Chile 1922 Vallenar earthquake 8.5 [6]
16 01751-05-24May 24, 1751 Concepción, Chile (Kingdom of Chile) 1751 Concepción earthquake 8.5
16 01687-10-20October 20, 1687 Lima, Peru (Viceroyalty of Peru) 1687 Peru earthquake 8.5
16 01575-12-16December 16, 1575 Valdivia, Chile (Kingdom of Chile) 1575 Valdivia earthquake 8.5

[edit] Deadliest earthquakes on record

Rank↓ Name↓ Date↓ Location↓ Fatalities↓ Magnitude↓ Comments↓
1 “Shaanxi” 01556-01-23January 23, 1556 Shaanxi, China 830,000 8.0 Estimated death toll in Shaanxi, China.
2 “Tangshan” 01976-07-28July 28, 1976 Tangshan, China 242,419-655,000 7.5 Estimated death toll as high as 779,000.
3 “Antioch” 00525-05-21May 21, 0525 Antioch, Turkey 250,000-300,000 VIII Procopius (II.14.6), sources based on John of Ephesus.
4 “Gansu” 01920-12-16December 16, 1920 NingxiaGansu, China 235,502 7.8 Major fractures, landslides.
5 “Aleppo” 01138-10-11October 11, 1138 Aleppo, Syria 230,000 8.5 Death toll disputed as first mention of 230,000 dead was in the 15th century.
6 “Indian Ocean” 02004-12-26December 26, 2004 Sumatra, Indonesia 230,000 9.1 Deaths from earthquake and resulting tsunami.
7 “Haiti” 02010-01-12January 12, 2010 Haiti 222,570 7.0 Estimate June 2010.[7]
8 “Great Kantō” 01923-09-01September 1, 1923 Kantō region, Japan 142,000 7.9 Caused the Great Tokyo fire.
9 “Ashgabat” 01948-10-06October 6, 1948 Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 110,000 7.3

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